A non-collaborative coexistence mechanism for wireless-fidelity (Wi-Fi) and bluetooth (BT) systems based on dynamic packet fragmentation is proposed in this work. The basic idea is to adapt the packet length of Wi-Fi in the MAC layer such that the fragmented packet has a better chance to survive the interference from the nearby BT devices. We first develop an analytical model that specifies the information required by the Wi-Fi MAC layer to decide the best fragmentation strategy.
Then, this model is extended to analyze the throughput and transmission delay of the Wi-Fi device. The analytical model is validated by computer simulation. Furthermore, it is demonstrated by simulation results that the proposed coexistence mechanism improves the performance of Wi-Fi in throughput and transmission delay significantly while relatively smaller performance improvement is observed for BT.